Gram Panchayat is local government at the village or small town in India and the Sarpanch is responsible (leader) of it. As of 2009, there were about 267,000 gram panchayats in India. The Gram Panchayat is the foundation of the Panchayat System.
The Sarpanch is responsible for:
- Keeping a record of births, deaths and marriages in the village
- Construction required for Subji Mandi or different markets in villages
- Construction and Repair work of roads in all area of villages
- Collection of Property (Housing, Business and others) Tax and other kind of Tax
- Providing free education
- To organize the meetings of Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat
- Make sure of better Public Health
- Maintain Street lights
- Provide facilities for Sanitation and Drinking Water
- The Election Commission finds it difficult to organize an election in that state.
A Gram Panchayat is made of between 7 and 17 members, elected from the wards of the village, and they are called a "Panch". Peoples of village selects Panch, with one-eighth of seats reserved for female candidates. The population of the village must be 500 people (Of or above voting age) to establish a Gram Panchayat in any village. The villages with less population are grouped in Group Gram Panchayat.
Main Source of Income:
- Property Tax – Housing, Business and Land (Non Agriculture)
- Professional Tax
- Taxes on Pilgrimage, Animal Trade
- In addition to this, Gram Panchayats receives grant from State Governments and District Organizations.
The Gram Sevak and Gram Vikas Adhikari is the communicator in Government and Gram Panchayat and do works for Sarpanch.