In India, Municipal Corporation is a local government body that administers a city of population 10,00,000 or more. Under the Panchayati raj system, it interacts directly with the state government and it is administratively part of the district it is located in.
The largest Municipal Corporations in India currently are Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Surat and Pune. The Corporation of Chennai is the oldest Municipal Corporation in the world outside UK.
In India, a Nagar Palika or Municipality is the urban local body that administers a city of population 100,000 or more. (Exception: Previously Nagar Palika was constituted in urban centers with population over 20,000.) Under the Panchayati Raj system, it interacts directly with the state government. Generally smaller district cities and bigger towns have a Nagar Palika.
The members of the Nagar Palika are elected representatives for a term of 5 years. The town is divided into wards according to its population and representatives are elected from each ward. The members elect a president among themselves
Gram Sabha has been envisaged as the foundation of the Panchayati Raj system. A village having population not less than 1500 forms Gram Sabha and every adult of the village is member of Gram Sabha.
A Gram Panchayat is made of between 7 and 17 members, elected from the wards of the village, and they are called a "Panch". Peoples of village selects Panch, with one-eighth of seats reserved for female candidates. The population of the village must be 500 people (Of or above voting age) to establish a Gram Panchayat in any village.